Apr 10, 2011
Begins with the gathering of data by the observation of phenomena. By inductive reasoning a hypothesis or preliminary generalization is drawn from the data. The validity of deductions that follow logically from a generalization is tested by further observations and experiments. A verified generalization is considered a scientific theory; if contradictory facts arise, the theory may be modified to include the new facts or it may be replaced by a new concept. The scientific method is an expression of the scientific which rests on rational impartiality and on strict regard for accuracy and controlled experiment.